If you are like most people, chocolate is not a luxury, it’s a necessity. Usually considered the 5th food group, chocolate has inspired probably the most widespread and also enthusiastic of people’s love affairs with foods. Whilst the taste is nothing but amazing, our craving for it ever since its detection over 2000 years back has incorporated other benefits as well.
Chocolate continues to be considered an aphrodisiac, an all-natural remedy for the blues, part of cardiovascular health (more recently), and even a kind of currency. With its wealthy history and also particular health and social importance. Satisfy your curiosity about its history, the process involved in its manufacture, and also how one can pick, store, and also prepare chocolate in your own home
A brief history- the Mayan Beginnings
Our cacao obsession actually began many, many hundreds of years ago with the Mayan people of Mexico and also Central America (250-900 A.D.). But, the Mayan type of chocolate bore hardly any resemblance to what we take pleasure in today. The majority of Mayans grew the cacao tree, the genesis of chocolates, in their yards, and collected the seed, which they then fermented, roasted, and blended. Along with water and hot chili flavors, the grounded paste turned into an unsweetened foam-covered beverage on a regular basis enjoyed as part of Mayan life.
Aztec and the Sacred Brew
The Aztecs adapted this sour drink and regarded it the food for the gods. The word chocolate was derived from the Aztec word “xocoatl,” which means bitter drink. Whilst nearly all Mayans could get pleasure from the drink, chocolate was earmarked for monarchs, priests, and also members of the highest social class in Aztec tradition. Chocolate was such a natural part of Aztec society that cacao seeds grew to become a kind of currency.
Coming to Europe
When the Spanish, led by Hernando Cortez, triumphed over Mexico in 1521, they quickly grabbed on the significance of chocolate to the Aztecs and started delivering it home. The Spanish added cinnamon, sugar, and other spices to the extremely expensive item, and preserved their chocolate drink as a secret enjoyed only by the Spanish nobility for virtually three hundred years. When Spanish royalty started out marrying other Europeans, the word spread rapidly and it was soon widely used all over Europe, however only for the prosperous. It was later available for the middle class in the 18th and 19th century, this was possible because of the broadened sea trade, chocolate began to be produced en-mass. By the late 18th century, chocolate houses were as popular as coffee shelters throughout the United Kingdom.
In contrast to many crops, the pods of the delicate cocoa tree have to be harvested manually, making the process of producing chocolate a stressful affair. The pulp-covered seeds extracted. To reduce bitterness, cocoa seeds are fermented for several days, after which it is dried. Farmers sell sacks of cacao seeds to corporate buyers, where industrialized machines take over. On the factory floor, huge machines roast the seeds to release the taste and aroma.
Famous Chocolate companies
In later centuries, manufacturing of chocolates has seeing a huge growth. We now have various top brands of chocolate makers around the world, some of the most famous in the United States includes: Nestle, Hershey and Ghirardelli.
The best of chocolate manufacturing started in the 19th century; this was also aided by industrialization. Among the early chocolate company is, Sprungli and Lindt in Switzerland, founded in 1845. It was the famous maker of the Lindt Chocolates.
Another Chocolate giant is Nestle, it started producing in 1866. By the end of that century, it has become one of the largest and its product was distributed all over the world.
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